Understanding the Male Reproductive Cycle

With the male reproductive system, all the body parts lie outside the abdomen. Consequently, symptoms of disorders are often visible and easy to identify at an early stage. This blog will educate you on how the male reproductive system works and what symptoms are not to be ignored out of embarrassment or disregard, as genital disorders can be cured by prompt treatment.

The male reproductive system includes the scrotum, testes, spermatic ducts, sex glands, and penis. These organs work together to produce sperm, the male gamete, and the other components of semen. The male reproductive system is controlled by the pituitary gland in the brain. Puberty in men begins when the pituitary gland signals the testicles by releasing follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The testicles then start to create testosterone and sperm in the body. Testosterone is responsible for normal male sexual development, including deepening of the voice, enlargement of the penis and testicles, growth of facial and body hair and muscle development.

Below are some facts that’ll help you understand your body better and clear all the misconceptions you’ve had earlier:

 

Common Disorders

There are several common disorders that affect men and can be conveniently treated, if identified at an early stage. Balanitis is one of the very common conditions that causes undue worry in men. It is the inflammation of the head of the penis (Glans) caused by bacteria. It can easily be treated by antibiotics. Another common disorder in men is hypospadia, a curable disorder that causes difficulty in urination and pain during intercourse.

Erectile Dysfunction

A very common disorder several men face called erectile dysfunction is the incapability of men being able to attain a rigid erection. Most often, the cause for erectile dysfunction is the blockage of the arteries supplying blood. There are several reasons that could cause erectile dysfunction such as obesity, heart-problems, excess drugs/alcohol, diabetes and past surgeries.

Male v/s Female Reproductive Systems

Did you know? A huge difference exists between the number of gametes men and women produce. When a women undergoes puberty, she is only left with 3,00,000 eggs, out of which only 300-400 eggs remain ovulated before menopause. On the other hand, men produces more than 500 billion sperm cells in their lifetime. During intercourse, a healthy man is capable release about 1.2 million sperm cells i.e more gametes released in a single moment than most women release in a lifetime.

Testicular Cancer

Although testicular cancer is uncommon compared to other cancers (0.7%), it is one of the most common cancer in males aged between 15 and 40 years. Testicular cancer is most commonly caused due to a lump on the testicle or when healthy cells in a testicle become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly allowing the body to functioning normally. Though, sometimes cells develop abnormalities, causing this growth to get out of control The treatments for testicular cancer might vary with the type and stage of the testicular cancer. Five types of standard treatments are: surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, surveillance, and high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. The success ratio with this type of cancer is very high and is curable.  

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