Let us understand what infertility is and what causes it.
Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant after a year of having regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth control. If you are older than 35 years, an evaluation and possible treatment are recommended after 6 months. If you are older than 40 years, an evaluation and possible treatment are recommended before you reach the 6-month mark.
The most common cause of female infertility is lack of or irregular ovulation. The most common causes of male infertility are problems in the testes that affect how sperm are made or how they function.
Age does play a major factor in infertility. For healthy couples in their 20s or early 30s, the chance that a woman will become pregnant is about 25–30% in any single menstrual cycle. By age 40 years, a woman’s chance of getting pregnant decreases to less than 10% per menstrual cycle. A man’s fertility also declines with age, but not as predictably.
Lifestyle factors also can play a role in infertility. In women, being underweight, being overweight or exercising too much may be associated with infertility. In both men and women, drinking alcohol at moderate or heavy levels may be a factor in infertility.
However, the good news is – there are infertility treatments that are positively effective!
INTRA-UTERINE INSEMINATION (IUI)
Laboratory procedure to separate fast-moving sperm from the non-moving sperm.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
The process of fertilization that involves extraction of eggs, retrieval of a sperm sample, and then manual-combining of an egg and sperm.
ICSI - Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
An effortless and painless process where a single sperm is injected into the centre of an egg.
TESA - Testicular Sperm Aspiration
Surgical procedures that may be used to find sperm in the male partner.
PGD: Pre Implantation Genetic Diagnosis
A procedure used prior to implantation, Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to identify genetic defects within embryos created through In-Vitro Fertilization.
Technology that is used in the embryo and egg freezing process so that they can be stored for later use.
Egg freezing is a method of fertility preservation, which allows women to freeze eggs for later use.
A procedure that allows for the precise removal of tiny volumes of testicular tissue is areas of active sperm production using a microscope.
PGS – Pre Implantation Genetic Screening
A technique used to identify genetic defects in embryos created through in vitro fertilization (IVF) before pregnancy.
At an egg bank, donor eggs are collected and frozen for purchase, similar to the way a sperm bank operates.
Laser Assisted Hatching
It is used to help the embryo hatch from its protective outer shell and promote implantation in the uterine wall after the embryo transfer.
An embryo which has been left to develop until a week and presents a complex cellular structure formed by approximately 200 cells.