IN-VITRO FERTILISATION (IVF) AT JUHI FERTILITY CENTRE
An Assisted-Reproductive Technology (ART), In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), is described as the process of fertilization that involves extraction of Eggs, retrieval of a sperm sample, and then manual-combining of an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish.
FOR WHOM IS IVF IDEAL
IVF can be used to treat infertility in patients suffering from the following issues:
Woman with Blocked or Damaged Fallopian Tubes.
Male Factor Infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility.
Women with Ovulation disorders, Premature Ovarian failure & Uterine fibroids.
Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed.
Man or Woman with a genetic disorder.
Unexplained infertility causes.
PROCESS OF IN-VITRO FERTILISATION
IVF process involves the following stages:
• Fertility Medications are prescribed to the woman to stimulate egg production. Before that, transvaginal ultrasound is used to examine the woman’s ovaries, and blood-test samples are taken to check hormone levels.
• Eggs are retrieved from the woman through a minor surgical procedure that uses ultrasound imaging to guide a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity to remove the eggs. Following this, Medication is provided to the woman reduce and remove potential discomfort.
• Male partner of the woman is asked to produce a sample of sperm, which is then combined with the woman’s eggs.
• The man’s sperm and the woman’s eggs are mixed (a process called as Insemination) together and later stored in the Laboratory dish, used to encourage fertilization. Where there is a lower probability of fertilization, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) may be used which in turn will help inject a single sperm directly into the egg in an attempt to achieve fertilization. Later the eggs are monitored to make sure that the whole of fertilization and cell division are taking place. Once this occurs, the fertilized eggs are considered as Embryos.
• Embryos are usually transferred into the woman’s uterus three to five days following egg retrieval and fertilization. When this is done with, a catheter or small tube is inserted into the uterus to transfer the embryos, a procedure that is painless for most women, although some woman may experience mild- cramping. In case the procedure is successful, implantation typically occurs around six to ten days following egg retrieval.