The uterus or the womb where the baby grows is lined with a tissue known as the endometrium. Endometriosis is a disease in which a lining similar to this tissue grows outside the uterus in other parts of the body such as on or under the ovaries, on the fallopian tubes which carry the egg cells, behind the uterus, bowels or bladder, and in some cases may grow on your lungs; is one of the leading causes of infertility.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Other symptoms may include:
- Painful menstrual cramps
- Pain after intercourse
- Intense pain in the lower abdomen
- Pain during your bowel movements
- Heavy periods
WHO’S AT RISK?
There’s no known cause for Endometriosis and is commonly diagnosed in women in their 30s and 40s. However, it can affect any female who menstruates. There are certain factors that can raise or lower the risk of getting it.
YOU ARE AT HIGHER RISK IF:
- Your mother, sister or daughter have the same condition.
- Your period started before the age of 11.
- Your monthly cycles are short – less than 27 days.
- Your menstrual cycle is heavy and lasts for more than 7 days.
YOU ARE AT LOWER RISK IF:
- You had been pregnant before.
- Your periods started late in your adolescence.
- You exercise regularly.
- You have a low amount of body fat.
HOW DO WE TREAT THIS?
- Pain medication.
- Hormonal therapy.
- Surgery is another option to alleviate severe pain and our expert team uses laparoscopy to remove the Endometriosis patches and if this doesn’t solve the problem of pain, a hysterectomy will be the only available option that involves removing the uterus entirely.
HOW DO WE DIAGNOSE IT?
Surgery is the sure-shot way of diagnosing Endometriosis. But, before diving into a procedure, our expert specialists will have a consultation with you discussing your symptoms and medical history following which a pelvic exam will be conducted. Our team at Juhi Fertility utilises the laparoscopic method to inspect the problem by placing a thin tube known as a laparoscope which has a light and a camera on one end. By making an incision and inserting this instrument into your abdomen, the doctor will look for the patches or implants of Endometriosis and may extract a sample of the same if found for a biopsy.