HYSTEROSCOPY

Hysteroscopy is a useful procedure to evaluate problems relating to infertility, recurrent miscarriages and uterine anomalies. This can also be used to examine patients who wish to undergo an IVF treatment. A slender instrument known as a Hysteroscope is inserted into the vagina through the cervix. Gases such as carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide may be introduced into the region that would allow the physician to have a better view of the uterine cavity. Diagnostic Hysteroscopy can be performed to confirm the results of tests such as Hysterosalpingography (HSG) which is a dye-based X-Ray test used to evaluate the uterus and the fallopian tubes. Hysteroscopy can also be used in conjunction with laparoscopy.

An operative Hysteroscopy involves correcting or treating the anomalies in the uterine cavity during the diagnostic stage so a second surgery can be avoided to treat the problem.

WHAT ARE THE USES OF HYSTEROSCOPY?

Our doctors may utilise Hysteroscopy for the following conditions:

  • Diagnosing and removing polyps or fibroids.
  • Adhesions or scar tissue can be removed which may be the cause of changes in the menstrual flow or infertility.
  • Can be used to determine congenital deformities such as a uterine septum.
  • Can be used to identify the cause of abnormal or heavy bleeding between periods or after menopause.

ARE THERE ANY RISKS INVOLVED?

Just as with many other procedures, there are some risks involved with Hysteroscopy but are minor which affect less than 1% of the cases that utilise the procedure.
Some of these complications may include:

  • Risks associated with anaesthesia
  • Infection
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Injury to the cervix, bladder, uterus or bowel during the procedure
  • Intrauterine scarring
  • Adverse reaction to the gas used during the procedure to inflate the uterine region.